Sativa is a type of cannabis plant. It typically grows taller than indica with lighter green leaves. Sativa plants tend to have more THC, and the high is often described as more energetic.
The main ways to take medical cannabis are by smoking, vaping, ingesting, or applying topically, as a cream or lotion.
When smoked or vaped cannabis takes effect within 1-3 minutes and usually lasts 1-3 hours.
When eaten cannabis takes effect within 30-120 minutes and can last 8 hours or more.
When used topically cannabis takes effect in 5-20 minutes and lasts 1-3 hours.
Cannabis is less chemically addictive than currently available prescription painkillers, cigarettes, alcohol, or even coffee.
There has never been a recorded death due to overdosing on cannabis. In fact, in states that legalized medical marijuana for pain relief, overdoses due to prescription narcotics like Vicodin and OxyContin have been shown to drop by as much as 25%. Marijuana is not only safer than currently available prescription narcotics, but it is also safer than publicly available substances like alcohol or cigarettes.
Use of THC-heavy strains of cannabis can result in a high that affects perception and reflex, so patients should take precautions similar to prescription-strength painkillers or alcohol. Do not drive or operate heavy machinery while taking high-THC strains of medical cannabis.
Illinois – like 32 other states and the District of Columbia – has legalized cannabis for medicinal purposes. Illinois residents that have one of the qualifying illnesses, and a patient card are able to purchase a limited amount of marijuana from a licensed dispensary according to state law. Cannabis is still illegal on a federal level and is classified as a Schedule 1 drug. However, the position of the Federal government in recent years has been to not interfere in state-legalized cannabis markets. In 2014 the U.S. Senate passed a spending bill blocking the Department of Justice from spending money on prosecuting state-compliant medical marijuana businesses and patients.